Liberty Broadband Corporation
Liberty Broadband Corp (Form: 10-Q, Received: 11/01/2017 16:23:38)

Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D. C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                to                

Commission File Number 001-36713

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

 

State of Delaware

 

47-1211994

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

12300 Liberty Boulevard
Englewood, Colorado

 

80112

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (720) 875-5700

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒    No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒    No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer ☒

 

Accelerated filer ☐

 

Non-accelerated filer ☐
(do not check if smaller
reporting company)

 

Smaller reporting company ☐

 

Emerging growth company ☐ 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes ☐    No ☒

The number of outstanding shares of Liberty Broadband Corporation's common stock as of October 16, 2017 was:

 

 

 

 

Series A common stock

 

26,301,479

Series B common stock

 

2,455,179

Series C common stock

 

153,089,705

 

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Part I - Financial Information  

 

 

 

Page No

Item 1. Financial Statements  

 

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited)  

I-2

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)  

I-3

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Earnings (Loss) (unaudited)  

I-4

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)  

I-5

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity (unaudited)  

I-6

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)  

I-7

 

 

Item 2.   Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

I-23

Item 3 .   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

I-32

Item 4 .   Controls and Procedures

I-32

 

 

Part II - Other Information  

 

 

Item 1 .   Legal Proceedings

II-1

Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

II-1

Item 6 .   Exhibits

II-2

 

 

SIGNATURES  

II-3

 

 

 

 

I-1


 

Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

(amounts in thousands)

 

Assets

    

 

    

    

    

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

135,425

 

205,728

 

Trade and other receivables, net

 

 

2,233

 

878

 

Derivative instruments

 

 

 —

 

49,019

 

Other current assets

 

 

4,319

 

2,794

 

Total current assets

 

 

141,977

 

258,419

 

Investment in Charter, accounted for using the equity method (note 4)

 

 

9,326,871

 

9,315,253

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

425

 

710

 

Goodwill (note 5)

 

 

6,497

 

6,497

 

Intangible assets subject to amortization, net (note 5)

 

 

6,063

 

8,596

 

Other assets, at cost, net of accumulated amortization

 

 

61

 

1,485

 

Total assets

 

$

9,481,894

 

9,590,960

 

Liabilities and Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

$

4,963

 

7,931

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

6,684

 

2,171

 

Current portion of debt (note 6)

 

 

 —

 

400,000

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

553

 

2,014

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

12,200

 

412,116

 

Debt (note 6)

 

 

496,975

 

198,512

 

Deferred income tax liabilities

 

 

497,414

 

504,644

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

3,765

 

2,596

 

Other liabilities

 

 

1,305

 

 —

 

Total liabilities

 

 

1,011,659

 

1,117,868

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 50,000,000 shares; no shares issued

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

Series A common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 500,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 26,301,387 shares at September 30, 2017 and 26,251,533 shares at December 31, 2016

 

 

262

 

262

 

Series B common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 18,750,000 shares; issued and outstanding 2,455,179 shares at September 30, 2017 and 2,467,509 shares at December 31, 2016

 

 

25

 

25

 

Series C common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 500,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 153,089,705 shares at September 30, 2017 and 153,019,547 shares at December 31, 2016

 

 

1,531

 

1,530

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

7,952,316

 

7,945,883

 

Accumulated other comprehensive earnings, net of taxes

 

 

8,290

 

7,656

 

Retained earnings

 

 

507,811

 

517,736

 

Total equity

 

 

8,470,235

 

8,473,092

 

Commitments and contingencies (note 8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

9,481,894

 

9,590,960

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

I-2


 

Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended 

 

Nine months ended

 

 

 

September 30,

 

September 30,

 

 

 

2017

    

2016

    

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Revenue

 

$

3,430

 

20,616

 

9,643

 

27,413

 

Operating costs and expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating, including stock-based compensation (note 7)

 

 

646

 

782

 

1,968

 

2,099

 

Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based compensation (note 7)

 

 

6,189

 

9,855

 

18,099

 

27,792

 

Research and development, including stock-based compensation (note 7)

 

 

1,440

 

2,384

 

6,214

 

8,040

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

942

 

971

 

2,844

 

2,935

 

 

 

 

9,217

 

13,992

 

29,125

 

40,866

 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

(5,787)

 

6,624

 

(19,482)

 

(13,453)

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(5,518)

 

(4,090)

 

(14,899)

 

(10,547)

 

Dividend and interest income

 

 

422

 

190

 

1,219

 

4,697

 

Share of earnings (losses) of affiliates (note 4)

 

 

(5,280)

 

19,046

 

25,109

 

570,178

 

Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net (note 3)

 

 

2,675

 

 —

 

5,026

 

92,990

 

Gain (loss) on dilution of investment in affiliate (note 4)

 

 

(3,718)

 

(16,331)

 

(42,515)

 

760,074

 

Other, net

 

 

 9

 

 5

 

11

 

112

 

Net earnings (loss) before income taxes

 

 

(17,197)

 

5,444

 

(45,531)

 

1,404,051

 

Income tax benefit (expense)

 

 

7,333

 

(1,655)

 

18,245

 

(532,349)

 

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty Broadband shareholders

 

$

(9,864)

 

3,789

 

(27,286)

 

871,702

 

Basic net earnings (loss) attributable to Series A, Series B and Series C Liberty Broadband shareholders per common share (note 2)

 

$

(0.05)

 

0.02

 

(0.15)

 

6.13

 

Diluted net earnings (loss) attributable to Series A, Series B and Series C Liberty Broadband shareholders per common share (note 2)

 

$

(0.05)

 

0.02

 

(0.15)

 

6.10

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-3


 

Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Earnings (Loss)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended 

 

Nine months ended

 

 

 

September 30,

 

September 30,

 

 

 

2017

    

2016

    

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

(amounts in thousands)

 

Net earnings (loss)

    

$

(9,864)

 

3,789

 

(27,286)

    

871,702

 

Other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of taxes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized holding gains (losses) arising during the period

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(221)

 

Share of other comprehensive earnings (loss) of equity method affiliates

 

 

260

 

247

 

634

 

811

 

Other

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(1,839)

 

Other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of taxes

 

 

260

 

247

 

634

 

(1,249)

 

Comprehensive earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty Broadband shareholders

 

$

(9,604)

 

4,036

 

(26,652)

 

870,453

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-4


 

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LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine months ended

 

 

 

September 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

(amounts in thousands)

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

 

    

    

    

 

Net earnings (loss)

 

$

(27,286)

 

871,702

 

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

2,844

 

2,935

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

4,376

 

4,582

 

Share of (earnings) losses of affiliates

 

 

(25,109)

 

(570,178)

 

(Gain) loss on dilution of investment in affiliate

 

 

42,515

 

(760,074)

 

Realized and unrealized (gains) losses on financial instruments, net

 

 

(5,026)

 

(92,990)

 

Deferred income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

(18,259)

 

533,626

 

Other, net

 

 

1,080

 

112

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current and other assets

 

 

(1,455)

 

7,954

 

Payables and other liabilities

 

 

2,724

 

(2,702)

 

Net cash provided (used) by operating activities

 

 

(23,596)

 

(5,033)

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expended for property and equipment

 

 

(27)

 

(154)

 

Purchases of short term investments and other marketable securities

 

 

 —

 

(155,444)

 

Sales of short term investments and other marketable securities

 

 

 —

 

164,458

 

Investment in equity method affiliate

 

 

 —

 

(5,000,000)

 

Other investing activities, net

 

 

14

 

453

 

Net cash provided (used) by investing activities

 

 

(13)

 

(4,990,687)

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings of debt

 

 

500,000

 

200,000

 

Repayments of debt

 

 

(600,000)

 

 —

 

Cash received from issuance of Series C Liberty Broadband common stock

 

 

 —

 

4,400,000

 

Payments from issuances of financial instruments

 

 

(101,638)

 

 —

 

Proceeds from settlements of financial instruments

 

 

155,683

 

 —

 

Other financing activities, net

 

 

(739)

 

(318)

 

Net cash provided (used) by financing activities

 

 

(46,694)

 

4,599,682

 

Net decrease in cash

 

 

(70,303)

 

(396,038)

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

 

205,728

 

655,079

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

135,425

 

259,041

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

I-5


 

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LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred

 

Common   stock

 

paid-in

 

comprehensive

 

Retained

 

 

 

 

 

Stock

 

Series A

  

Series B

  

Series C

  

capital

 

earnings

 

earnings

 

Total equity

 

 

 

(amounts in thousands)

 

Balance at January 1, 2017

    

$

 —

 

262

 

25

 

1,530

 

7,945,883

    

7,656

    

517,736

    

8,473,092

 

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(27,286)

 

(27,286)

 

Other comprehensive earnings

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

634

 

 —

 

634

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

4,017

 

 —

 

 —

 

4,017

 

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 1

 

2,416

 

 —

 

 —

 

2,417

 

Cumulative effect of accounting change at Charter (note 4)

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

17,361

 

17,361

 

Balance at September 30, 2017

 

$

 —

 

262

 

25

 

1,531

 

7,952,316

 

8,290

 

507,811

 

8,470,235

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(1) Basis of Presentation

During May 2014, the board of directors of Liberty Media Corporation and its subsidiaries (“Liberty”) authorized management to pursue a plan to spin-off to its stockholders common stock of a wholly-owned subsidiary, Liberty Broadband Corporation (“Liberty Broadband” or the “Company”), and to distribute subscription rights to acquire shares of Liberty Broadband Series C common stock (the “Broadband Spin-Off”). At the time of the Broadband Spin-Off, Liberty Broadband was comprised of (i) Liberty’s former interest in Charter Communications, Inc. (“Legacy Charter”), (ii) Liberty’s former wholly-owned subsidiary TruePosition, Inc., (iii) Liberty’s former minority equity investment in Time Warner Cable, Inc. (“Time Warner Cable”), (iv) certain deferred tax liabilities, as well as liabilities related to Time Warner Cable written call options and (v) initial indebtedness, pursuant to margin loans entered into prior to the completion of the Broadband Spin-Off. These financial statements refer to the combination of the aforementioned subsidiary, investments, and financial instruments as “Liberty Broadband,” “the Company,” “us,” “we” and “our” in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

On May 18, 2016, Time Warner Cable merged with Legacy Charter (the “Time Warner Cable Merger”). In connection with the Time Warner Cable Merger, Legacy Charter underwent a corporate reorganization, resulting in CCH I, LLC (“Charter”), a former subsidiary of Legacy Charter, becoming the new publicly traded parent company. Also on May 18, 2016, the previously announced acquisition of Bright House Networks, LLC from Advance/Newhouse Partnership (“A/N”) by Charter (the “Bright House Transaction”) was completed. In connection with the Time Warner Cable Merger and Bright House Transaction, Liberty Broadband entered into certain agreements with Legacy Charter, Charter (for accounting purposes a related party of the Company), Liberty Interactive Corporation (“Liberty Interactive,” for accounting purposes a related party of the Company) and Time Warner Cable. As a result of the Time Warner Cable Merger and Bright House Transaction (collectively, the “Transactions”), Liberty Broadband exchanged its shares of Time Warner Cable for shares of Charter and purchased additional shares of Charter. As a result, and pursuant to proxy agreements entered into with Liberty Interactive and A/N, Liberty Broadband controls 25.01% of the aggregate voting power of Charter. See note 4 for additional detail regarding these transactions and corresponding agreements.

The Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, Skyhook Holding, Inc. (formerly known as TruePosition, Inc.), was originally incorporated to provide technology for locating wireless phones and other mobile devices through a passive network overlay system using its patented U-TDOA technology (“U-TDOA service”). In February 2014, Skyhook Holding, Inc. acquired 100% of the outstanding common shares of Skyhook Wireless, Inc., which operates a global location network containing billions of geolocated Wi-Fi access points and cell towers that serve as the reference infrastructure for providing location services. In 2015, one of Skyhook Holding, Inc.’s customers, a wireless carrier utilizing the legacy U-TDOA service which accounted for approximately 80% - 90% of consolidated revenue at the time, gave notice that it planned to discontinue use of the U-TDOA service and did not intend to renew its contract, which expired on December 31, 2015. The loss of this customer had a material adverse effect on Skyhook Holding, Inc.’s business. As a result of the loss of this wireless carrier customer, further changes in the regulatory environment and a shift in the overall market for the legacy U-TDOA service, Skyhook Holding, Inc. ceased making further investment in its U-TDOA products. In 2016, Skyhook Holding, Inc. and Skyhook Wireless, Inc. combined operations in order to focus on the development and sale of the suite of location and context products, and are referred to collectively herein as “Skyhook.”

The accompanying (a) condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2016, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and (b) interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such periods have been included. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. Additionally, certain prior period amounts have been reclassified for comparability with current period presentation. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in Liberty Broadband's Annual Report on 

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company considers (i) the application of the equity method of accounting for investments in affiliates, (ii) the fair value of non-financial instruments, (iii) the fair value of financial instruments, (iv) revenue recognition and (v) accounting for income taxes to be its most significant estimates .

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued new accounting guidance on lease accounting. This guidance requires a company to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities arising from operating leases in the statement of financial position. The new guidance also simplifies the accounting for sale and leaseback transactions. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, and early adoption is permitted.  We plan to adopt this guidance on January 1, 2019.  Companies are required to use a modified retrospective approach to adopt this guidance.  The Company is currently working with its consolidated subsidiary, Skyhook, to evaluate the impact of the adoption of this new guidance on our consolidated financial statements, including identifying the population of leases, evaluating technology solutions and collecting lease data.

In May 2014, the FASB issued new accounting guidance on revenue from contracts with customers. The new guidance requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. This new guidance also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. In March 2016, the FASB issued additional guidance which clarifies principal versus agent considerations, and in April 2016, the FASB issued further guidance which clarifies the identification of performance obligations and the implementation guidance for licensing. The updated guidance will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in GAAP when it becomes effective and permits the use of either a full retrospective or modified retrospective transition method. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company anticipates adopting this guidance under the modified retrospective transition method. Skyhook has substantially completed the review of its revenue arrangements and does not currently expect that the adoption of the new standard will have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations. Additionally, Charter, which is accounted for as an equity method investment, has substantially completed its review of its revenue arrangements and does not currently expect that the adoption of the new standard will have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.

Liberty Broadband holds an investment in Charter that is accounted for using the equity method. Liberty Broadband does not control the decision making process or business management practices of this affiliate. Accordingly, Liberty Broadband relies on the management of this affiliate to provide it with accurate financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP that the Company uses in the application of the equity method. In addition, Liberty Broadband relies on audit reports that are provided by the affiliate's independent auditor on the financial statements of such affiliate. The Company is not aware, however, of any errors in or possible misstatements of the financial information provided by its equity affiliate that would have a material effect on Liberty Broadband's condensed consolidated financial statements.

Spin-Off Arrangements

Following the Broadband Spin-Off, Liberty and Liberty Broadband operate as separate, publicly traded companies, and neither has any stock ownership, beneficial or otherwise, in the other. In connection with the Broadband Spin-Off, Liberty and Liberty Broadband entered into certain agreements in order to govern certain of the ongoing relationships between the two companies after the Broadband Spin-Off and to provide for an orderly transition. These agreements include a reorganization agreement, a services agreement, a facilities sharing agreement and a tax sharing agreement.

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LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

The reorganization agreement provides for, among other things, the principal corporate transactions (including the internal restructuring) required to effect the Broadband Spin-Off, certain conditions to the Broadband Spin-Off and provisions governing the relationship between Liberty Broadband and Liberty with respect to and resulting from the Broadband Spin-Off. The tax sharing agreement provides for the allocation and indemnification of tax liabilities and benefits between Liberty and Liberty Broadband and other agreements related to tax matters. Among other things, pursuant to the tax sharing agreement, Liberty Broadband has agreed to indemnify Liberty, subject to certain limited exceptions, for losses and taxes resulting from the Broadband Spin-Off to the extent such losses or taxes result primarily from, individually or in the aggregate, the breach of certain restrictive covenants made by Liberty Broadband (applicable to actions or failures to act by Liberty Broadband and its subsidiaries following the completion of the Broadband Spin-Off). Pursuant to the services agreement, Liberty provides Liberty Broadband with general and administrative services including legal, tax, accounting, treasury and investor relations support. Under the facilities sharing agreement, Liberty Broadband shares office space with Liberty and related amenities at Liberty’s corporate headquarters. Liberty Broadband will reimburse Liberty for direct, out-of-pocket expenses incurred by Liberty in providing these services and for costs that will be negotiated semi-annually. Under these various agreements, approximately $814 thousand and $661 thousand was reimbursable to Liberty for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $2.4 million was reimbursable to Liberty for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

(2) Earnings (Loss) per Share

Basic earnings (loss) per common share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty Broadband shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding (“WASO”) for the period. Diluted EPS presents the dilutive effect on a per share basis of potential common shares as if they had been converted at the beginning of the periods presented. The basic and diluted EPS calculations are based on the following weighted average number of shares of outstanding common stock.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liberty Broadband Common Stock

 

 

 

Three months

 

Three months

 

Nine months

 

Nine months

 

 

 

ended

 

ended

 

ended

 

ended

 

 

    

September 30, 2017

    

September 30, 2016

    

September 30, 2017

    

September 30, 2016

 

 

 

(numbers of shares in thousands)

 

Basic WASO

 

181,846

 

181,621

 

181,795

 

142,170

 

Potentially dilutive shares (1)

 

1,485

 

970

 

1,369

 

666

 

Diluted WASO

 

183,331

 

182,591

 

183,164

 

142,836

 

________

(1)   Potentially dilutive shares are excluded from the computation of diluted EPS during periods in which losses are reported since the result would be antidilutive.

 

 

 

 

(3) Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value

For assets and liabilities required to be reported at fair value, GAAP provides a hierarchy that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. Level 1 inputs are quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date. Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted market prices included within Level 1, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability. As of September 30, 2017, the Company does not have any recurring assets or liabilities measured at fair value that would be considered Level 3.

 

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

The Company’s assets and (liabilities) measured at fair value are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted prices

 

Significant

 

 

 

Quoted prices

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

 

in active

 

other

 

 

 

in active

 

other

 

 

 

 

 

 

markets for

 

observable

 

 

 

markets for

 

observable

 

 

 

 

 

 

identical assets

 

inputs

 

 

 

identical assets

 

inputs

 

Description

 

Total

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

Total

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

 

 

(amounts in thousands)

 

Cash equivalents

 

$

134,574

 

134,574

 

 —

 

198,011

 

198,011

 

 —

 

Derivative instruments (1)

 

$

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

49,019

 

 —

 

49,019

 

_________________________

 

(1)

As of December 31, 2016, the Company had an outstanding zero-strike call option on 704,908 shares of Liberty Broadband Series C common stock which expired in March 2017. The Company prepaid a premium of $47.9 million in December 2016. Liberty Broadband exercised its option to settle the contract in cash in March 2017 for cash proceeds of $50.0 million. The Company accounted for the zero-strike call option as a financial instrument asset due to its settlement provisions. Subsequent to September 30, 2017, the Company entered into another zero-strike call option on 527,156 shares of Liberty Broadband Series C common stock. The Company prepaid a premium of $47.7 million in October 2017.    

The fair value of Level 2 derivative instruments were derived from a Black-Scholes model using observable market data as the significant inputs. The inputs used in the model during the period outstanding (exclusive of the applicable trading price of Liberty Broadband Series C common stock and the strike prices associated with the call options) were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Volatility

 

21.1%

 

Interest rate

 

1.3%

 

Dividend yield

 

0.0%

 

Other Financial Instruments

Other financial instruments not measured at fair value on a recurring basis include trade receivables, trade payables, accrued other current liabilities, current portion of debt and long-term debt. With the exception of long-term debt, the carrying amount approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments as reported on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The carrying value of our long-term debt bears interest at a variable rate and therefore is also considered to approximate fair value.

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

Realized and Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Financial Instruments

Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments are comprised of changes in the fair value of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

Nine months ended

 

 

 

September 30,

 

September 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

(amounts in thousands)

 

Time Warner Cable investment (1)

 

$

 —

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

92,990

 

Derivative instruments (2)

 

 

2,675

 

 —

 

 

5,026

 

 —

 

 

 

$

2,675

 

 —

 

 

5,026

 

92,990

 


(1)

As discussed in note 4, Time Warner Cable merged with Charter on May 18, 2016.  Therefore the Company no longer has an investment in Time Warner Cable as of May 18, 2016 , and the unrealized gain (loss) related to our investment in Time Warner Cable is recorded through this date. In connection with the merger, the Company exchanged, in a tax-free transaction, its shares of Time Warner Cable for shares of Charter Class A common stock .

 

(2)

As of December 31, 2016, the Company had an outstanding zero-strike call option on 704,908 shares of Liberty Broadband Series C common stock which the Company exercised in March 2017. In April 2017, the Company entered into another zero-strike call option on 600,242 shares of Liberty Broadband Series C common stock. The Company prepaid a premium of $50.0 million in April 2017. Upon expiration in June 2017, the call option was rolled into a new zero-strike call option on 600,242 shares of Liberty Broadband Series C common stock.  Liberty Broadband exercised its option to settle the contract in cash in August 2017 for cash proceeds of $53.8 million.  The Company realized gains on the options outstanding and settled during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017. 

(4) Investment in Charter Accounted for Using the Equity Method

In May 2013, Liberty acquired approximately 26.9 million shares of Legacy Charter common stock and approximately 1.1 million warrants to purchase shares of Legacy Charter common stock for approximately $2.6 billion, which represented an approximate 27% beneficial ownership (including the warrants on an as if converted basis) in Legacy Charter at the time of purchase and price per share of $95.50. Liberty funded the purchase with a combination of cash on hand of approximately $1.2 billion and new margin loan arrangements. Liberty allocated the purchase price between the shares of common stock and the warrants acquired in the transaction by determining the fair value of the publicly traded warrants and allocating the remaining balance to the shares acquired, which resulted in an initial excess basis in the investment of $2,532 million. The investment in Legacy Charter is accounted for as an equity method affiliate based on the ownership interest obtained and the board seats held by individuals appointed by Liberty.

During May 2014, Liberty purchased 897 thousand Legacy Charter shares for approximately $124.5 million. During November 2014, subsequent to the Broadband Spin-Off, Liberty Broadband exercised all of its outstanding warrants to purchase shares of Legacy Charter common stock for approximately $52 million.

On May 18, 2016, the Time Warner Cable Merger was completed, which resulted in Legacy Charter and Time Warner Cable becoming wholly owned subsidiaries of Charter. Also on May 18, 2016, the previously announced Bright House Transaction was completed. In connection with these transactions, Legacy Charter underwent a corporate reorganization, resulting in Charter, a former subsidiary of Legacy Charter, becoming the new publicly traded parent company. In connection with the Time Warner Cable Merger and the Bright House Transaction, Liberty Broadband completed the previously announced transactions described below:

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

Transactions Completed in Connection with the Time Warner Cable Merger

Charter Investment Agreement

On May 18, 2016, Liberty Broadband completed its previously announced investment in Charter in accordance with the investment agreement dated May 23, 2015 by and among Liberty Broadband, Legacy Charter and Charter (the “Charter Investment Agreement”). Pursuant to the Charter Investment Agreement, immediately following the consummation of the Time Warner Cable Merger, Liberty Broadband purchased from Charter $4.3 billion of shares of Charter Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per share, at a price per share of $195.70 following adjustment by the applicable exchange ratio. As a result, Liberty Broadband received approximately 22.0 million shares of Charter Class A common stock. Liberty Broadband funded its purchase of these shares of Charter Class A common stock with proceeds from the issuance of Liberty Broadband Series C common stock.  

Charter Contribution Agreement

Also on May 18, 2016, shares of Time Warner Cable common stock held by Liberty Broadband and Liberty Interactive were exchanged, in a tax-free transaction, for shares of Charter Class A common stock which resulted in each of Liberty Broadband and Liberty Interactive receiving one share of Charter Class A common stock for each share of Time Warner Cable common stock so exchanged. In the exchange, Liberty Broadband received approximately 2.4 million shares of Charter Class A common stock, with a fair value of $531.9 million.

Liberty Interactive Proxy Agreement

Pursuant to the Proxy and Right of First Refusal Agreement, dated May 23, 2015, as amended (the “Liberty Interactive Proxy Agreement”), by and between Liberty Broadband and Liberty Interactive, Liberty Interactive granted Liberty Broadband an irrevocable proxy to vote all shares of Charter common stock owned beneficially or of record by Liberty Interactive following the closing of the Time Warner Cable Merger, for a five year term subject to extension upon the mutual agreement of both parties, subject to certain limitations. So long as the Liberty Interactive Proxy Agreement is in effect, Liberty Broadband also has a right of first refusal (“ROFR”) to purchase all or a portion of any shares of Charter common stock which Liberty Interactive proposes to transfer, subject to certain limitations.

Transactions Completed in Connection with the Bright House Transaction

Second Amended and Restated Stockholders Agreement

On May 18, 2016, pursuant to the Stockholders Agreement, upon the closing of the Bright House Transaction, Liberty Broadband purchased from Charter approximately 3.7 million additional shares of Charter Class A common stock at a price per share of $191.33 following adjustment by the applicable exchange ratios, for an aggregate purchase price of $700 million. Liberty Broadband funded its $700 million purchase in shares of Charter through cash on hand and margin loan draws, as discussed in note 6.

Proxy and Right of First Refusal Agreement

In connection with the Bright House Transaction, on May 18, 2016, A/N and Liberty Broadband entered into a proxy and right of first refusal agreement, as amended (“A/N Proxy”), pursuant to which A/N granted Liberty Broadband a five-year proxy to vote shares of Charter held by A/N, capped at a number of shares representing 7% of the voting power of Charter’s outstanding shares. As a result of the A/N Proxy and the Liberty Interactive Proxy Agreement, Liberty Broadband controls 25.01% of the aggregate voting power of Charter following the completion of the Time Warner Cable Merger and the Bright House Transaction and is Charter’s largest stockholder.

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

So long as the A/N Proxy is in effect, if A/N proposes to transfer common units of Charter Communications Holdings, LLC (which units are exchangeable into Charter shares and which will, under certain circumstances, result in the conversion of certain shares of Class B Common Stock into Charter shares) or Charter shares, in each case, constituting either (i) shares representing the first 7.0% of the outstanding voting power of Charter held by A/N or (ii) shares representing the last 7.0% of the outstanding voting power of Charter held by A/N, Liberty Broadband will have a ROFR to purchase all or a portion of any such securities A/N proposes to transfer.  The purchase price per share for any securities sold to Liberty Broadband pursuant to the ROFR will be the volume-weighted average price of Charter shares for the two trading day period before the notice of a proposed sale by A/N, payable in cash.  Certain transfers are permitted to affiliates of A/N, subject to the transferee entity entering into an agreement assuming the transferor’s obligations under the A/N Proxy.

Investment in Charter

For discussion purposes the term “Charter” will be used to discuss both our previous and current holdings in Legacy Charter and Charter.  It is noted that the ticker symbol for the Class A common stock of each of Legacy Charter and Charter are the same, and that in connection with the Time Warner Cable Merger, Legacy Charter underwent a corporate reorganization, resulting in Charter, a former subsidiary of Legacy Charter, becoming the new publicly traded parent company. 

As of September 30, 2017, the carrying value of Liberty Broadband’s ownership in Charter was approximately $9,327 million. The market value of Liberty Broadband’s ownership in Charter as of September 30, 2017 was approximately $19,651 million, which represented an approximate economic ownership of 22% of the outstanding equity of Charter as of that date.

The excess basis is $2,100 million as of September 30, 2017 and has been allocated within memo accounts used for equity accounting purposes as follows (amounts in millions):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment

    

$

174

 

Customer relationships

 

 

346

 

Franchise fees

 

 

1,170

 

Trademarks

 

 

29

 

Goodwill

 

 

1,046

 

Debt

 

 

(20)

 

Deferred income tax liability

 

 

(645)

 

 

 

$

2,100

 

 

Upon acquisition, Liberty Broadband ascribed remaining useful lives of 7 years and 13 years to property and equipment and customer relationships, respectively, and indefinite lives to franchise fees, trademarks and goodwill. The excess basis of outstanding debt is amortized over the contractual period using the effective interest rate method. The increase in excess basis for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, was primarily due to Charter’s share buyback program. The Company’s Share of earnings (losses) of affiliates line item in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations includes expenses of $15.3 million and $18.5 million, net of related taxes, for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and expenses of $44.0 million and $23.2 million, net of related taxes, for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, due to the amortization of the excess basis related to assets with identifiable useful lives and debt. 

The Company had a dilution loss of $3.7 million and $16.3 million during the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and a dilution loss of $42.5 million and a dilution gain of $760.1 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The dilution gain for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 is primarily attributable to Liberty Broadband’s investment basis in Charter at a price per share below the new equity issued in the Time Warner Cable Merger. The dilution losses during the other periods presented are attributable to stock option exercises by employees and other third parties at prices below Liberty Broadband’s book basis per share.

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Accounting Change

 

Charter adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-09 on January 1, 2017. Upon adoption of ASU 2016-09, Charter recognized excess tax benefits of approximately $136 million in deferred tax assets that were previously not recognized in a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings. The impact of this entry on the Company’s equity is reflected in the line item Cumulative effect of accounting change at Charter in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of equity.

Summarized unaudited financial information for Charter is as follows (amounts in millions):

Charter condensed consolidated balance sheets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

September 30, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

Current assets

 

$

4,132

 

3,300

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

33,300

 

32,963

 

Goodwill

 

 

29,554

 

29,509

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

79,905

 

81,924

 

Other assets

 

 

1,337

 

1,371

 

Total assets

 

$

148,228

 

149,067

 

Current liabilities

 

 

10,419

 

9,572

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

26,576

 

26,665

 

Long-term debt

 

 

66,064

 

59,719

 

Other liabilities

 

 

2,591

 

2,745

 

Equity

 

 

42,578

 

50,366

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

$

148,228

 

149,067

 

Charter condensed consolidated statements of operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended 

    

Nine months ended

 

September 30,

 

September 30,

 

2017

 

2016

 

2017

 

2016

Revenue

$

10,458

 

10,037

 

30,979

 

18,728

Cost and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating costs and expenses (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

(6,703)

 

(6,482)

 

(19,857)

 

(12,157)

Depreciation and amortization

 

(2,701)

 

(2,437)

 

(7,846)

 

(4,412)

Other operating expenses, net

 

(145)

 

(207)

 

(374)

 

(776)

 

 

(9,549)

 

(9,126)

 

(28,077)

 

(17,345)

Operating income

 

909

 

911

 

2,902

 

1,383

Interest expense, net

 

(788)

 

(724)

 

(2,250)

 

(1,771)

Other income (expense), net

 

(3)

 

79

 

(55)

 

429

Income tax benefit (expense)

 

(26)

 

(16)

 

(99)

 

3,135

Net income (loss)

 

92

 

250

 

498

 

3,176

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

(44)

 

(61)

 

(156)

 

(108)

Net income (loss) attributable to Charter shareholders

$

48

 

189

 

342

 

3,068

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(5) Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

There were no  changes in the carrying amount of goodwill during the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

 

Intangible assets subject to amortization are comprised of the following (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

Net

 

Gross

 

 

 

Net

 

 

 

Carrying

 

Accumulated

 

Carrying

 

Carrying

 

Accumulated

 

Carrying

 

 

 

Amount

 

Amortization

 

Amount

 

Amount

 

Amortization

 

Amount

 

Acquired patents

    

$

10,823

    

(9,633)

    

1,190

    

10,823

    

(8,450)

    

2,373

 

Customer relationships

 

 

10,213

 

(6,463)

 

3,750

 

10,213

 

(5,440)

 

4,773

 

Tradename

 

 

2,838

 

(1,809)

 

1,029

 

2,838

 

(1,528)

 

1,310

 

Capitalized software

 

 

857

 

(763)

 

94

 

850

 

(710)

 

140

 

 

 

$

24,731

 

(18,668)

 

6,063

 

24,724

 

(16,128)

 

8,596

 

 

Skyhook’s patents are amortized straight-line over three and a half years and Skyhook’s tradename and customer relationship are amortized straight-line over five and a half years. Capitalized software intangible assets are amortized over three to five years. Amortization expense was $842 thousand and $850 thousand for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $2.5 million and $2.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. 

The estimated future amortization expense for the next five years related to intangible assets with definite lives as of September 30, 2017 is as follows (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

Remainder of 2017

    

$

841

 

2018

 

$

2,575

 

2019

 

$

1,776

 

2020

 

$

871

 

2021

 

$

 —

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6) Debt

Outstanding debt at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 is summarized as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

 

(amounts in thousands)

2014 Margin Loans

$

 —

 

400,000

2016 Margin Loans

 

 —

 

200,000

2017 Margin Loans

 

500,000

 

 —

Deferred loan costs

 

(3,025)

 

(1,488)

 

$

496,975

 

598,512

Less debt classified as current

 

 —

 

(400,000)

Total long-term debt

$

496,975

 

198,512

 

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

2014 Margin Loans

 

On October 30, 2014, in connection with and prior to the effectiveness of the Broadband Spin-Off, a wholly-owned special purpose subsidiary of the Company (“BroadbandSPV”) entered into two margin loan agreements (the “2014 Margin Loan Agreements”) with each of the lenders party thereto. The 2014 Margin Loan Agreements permitted BroadbandSPV, subject to certain funding conditions, to borrow term loans up to an aggregate principal amount equal to $400 million (the “2014 Margin Loans”). The maximum borrowing capacity of $400 million under the 2014 Margin Loan Agreements was outstanding at December 31, 2016. The maturity date of the 2014 Margin Loans was October 30, 2017, accordingly the debt was classified as current as of December 31, 2016. Borrowings under the 2014 Margin Loan Agreements bore interest at the three-month LIBOR rate plus a per annum spread of 1.55%, and had an unused commitment fee of 0.25% per annum based on the average daily unused portion of the 2014 Margin Loans. Interest was payable quarterly in arrears beginning on December 31, 2014. On August 31, 2017, the outstanding borrowings of $400 million were repaid, as discussed below.

 

2016 Margin Loans

 

On March 21, 2016, a wholly-owned special purpose subsidiary of the Company (“Cheetah 5”), entered into two margin loan agreements (the “2016 Margin Loan Agreements” and together with the 2014 Margin Loan Agreements, the “Margin Loan Agreements”) with each of the lenders party thereto. The 2016 Margin Loan Agreements permitted Cheetah 5, subject to certain funding conditions, to borrow initial term loans up to an aggregate principal amount equal to $200 million and delayed draw loans (the “Draw Loans”) up to an aggregate principal amount equal to $100 million, for an aggregate total of $300 million (collectively the “2016 Margin Loans”). Cheetah 5 had borrowed $200 million as of December 31, 2016 and had $100 million available to be drawn until September 21, 2017. The maturity date of the 2016 Margin Loans was March 21, 2018, accordingly the debt was classified as noncurrent as of December 31, 2016. Borrowings under the 2016 Margin Loans bore interest at the applicable LIBOR rate plus 2.10% per annum and had an unused commitment fee of 0.5% per annum based on the average daily unused portion of the Draw Loans. Interest was payable quarterly in arrears beginning on March 31, 2016. The proceeds of the 2016 Margin Loans were used for the Company’s additional investment in Charter during May 2016, as discussed in note 4. On August 31, 2017, the outstanding borrowings of $200 million were repaid, as discussed below.

 

2017 Margin Loan Facility

 

On August 31, 2017, a bankruptcy remote wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“SPV”), entered into a multi-draw margin loan credit facility (the “2017 Margin Loan Facility” and, the credit agreement governing such facility, the “2017 Margin Loan Agreement”) with Bank of America, N.A and the lenders thereunder. SPV is permitted, subject to certain funding conditions, to borrow term loans up to an aggregate principal amount equal to $1.0 billion. SPV will also have the ability from time to time to request additional loans in an aggregate principal amount of up to $1.0 billion on an uncommitted basis subject to certain conditions. SPV had borrowed $500 million as of September 30, 2017 and had $500 million available to be drawn until August 31, 2018. The maturity date of the loans under the 2017 Margin Loan Agreement is August 30, 2019 (except for any incremental loans incurred thereunder to the extent SPV and the incremental lenders agree to a later maturity date). Accordingly, the debt is classified as noncurrent as of September 30, 2017. Borrowings under the 2017 Margin Loan Agreement bear interest at the three-month LIBOR rate plus a per annum spread of 1.5%, unless it is unlawful for the applicable lender to fund or maintain loans based on LIBOR or there are material restrictions on the applicable lender to do so, in which case borrowings under the 2017 Margin Loan Agreement will either (a) bear interest at 0.5% plus the higher of (i) the federal funds rate plus ½ of 1%, (ii) the prime rate and (iii) LIBOR plus 1% for each day during such period or (b) be prepaid. Borrowings outstanding under these margin loans bore interest at a rate of 2.74% per annum at September 30, 2017. Interest is payable quarterly in arrears beginning on September 29, 2017. SPV used available cash and a portion of the proceeds of the loans under the 2017 Margin Loan Facility to repay the Margin Loan Agreements. Borrowings may also be used for distribution as a dividend or a return of capital, for the purchase of margin stock and for general corporate purposes.  

 

The 2017 Margin Loan Agreement contains various affirmative and negative covenants that restrict the activities of SPV (and, in some cases, the Company and its subsidiaries with respect to shares of Charter owned by the Company and its

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

subsidiaries). The 2017 Margin Loan Agreement does not include any financial covenants.  The 2017 Margin Loan Agreement also contains restrictions related to additional indebtedness and events of default customary for margin loans of this type.

SPV’s obligations under the 2017 Margin Loan Agreement are secured by first priority liens on a portion of the Company’s ownership interest in Charter, sufficient for SPV to meet the loan to value requirements under the 2017 Margin Loan Agreement. The 2017 Margin Loan Agreement indicates that no lender party shall have any voting rights with respect to the shares transferred, except to the extent that a lender party buys any shares in a sale or other disposition made pursuant to the terms of the loan agreements.   As of September 30, 2017, approximately 6.8 million shares of Charter with a value of $2.5 billion were pledged as collateral pursuant to the 2017 Margin Loan Agreement.

   

(7) Stock-Based Compensation

Liberty Broadband grants, to certain of its directors, employees and employees of its subsidiaries, restricted stock and stock options to purchase shares of its common stock (collectively, "Awards"). The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an equity classified Award (such as stock options and restricted stock) based on the grant-date fair value (“GDFV”) of the Award, and recognizes that cost over the period during which the employee is required to provide service (usually the vesting period of the Award). The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for a liability classified Award based on the current fair value of the Award, and remeasures the fair value of the Award at each reporting date.

Included in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations are the following amounts of stock-based compensation for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months

 

Nine months

 

 

 

ended

 

ended

 

 

 

September 30,

 

September 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2017

 

2016

 

Operating expense

    

$

 3

    

 4

    

 5

    

 2

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

1,429

 

1,596

 

4,032

 

4,363

 

Research and development

 

 

67

 

136

 

339

 

217

 

 

 

$

1,499

 

1,736

 

4,376

 

4,582

 

 

Liberty Broadband – Grants of Stock Options

There were no options to purchase shares of Series A, Series B or Series C common stock granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2017.  

The Company calculates the GDFV for all of its equity classified awards and any subsequent remeasurement of its liability classified awards using the Black-Scholes Model. The Company estimates the expected term of the Awards based on historical exercise and forfeiture data. Since Liberty Broadband common stock has not traded on the stock market for a significant length of time, the volatility used in the calculation for Awards is based on a blend of the historical volatility of Liberty Broadband and Charter common stock and the implied volatility of publicly traded Liberty Broadband and Charter options; as the most significant asset within Liberty Broadband, the volatility of Charter was considered in the overall volatility of Liberty Broadband.  The Company uses a zero dividend rate and the risk-free rate for Treasury Bonds with a term similar to that of the subject option.

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

Liberty Broadband – Outstanding Awards

The following tables present the number and weighted average exercise price (“WAEP”) of Awards to purchase Liberty Broadband common stock granted to certain officers, employees and directors of the Company, as well as the weighted average remaining life and aggregate intrinsic value of the Awards.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

    

    

    

 

    

Weighted

    

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

remaining

 

Aggregate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

contractual

 

intrinsic

 

 

Series A

 

WAEP

 

life

 

value

 

 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

 

(in years)

 

(in millions)

Outstanding at January 1, 2017

 

454

 

$

32.47

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 —

 

$

 —

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

(49)

 

$

26.85

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited/cancelled

 

 —

 

$

 —

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at September 30, 2017

 

405

 

$

33.15

 

2.2

 

$

25

Exercisable at September 30, 2017

 

402

 

$

33.06

 

2.2

 

$

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

    

    

    

 

    

Weighted

    

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

remaining

 

Aggregate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

contractual

 

intrinsic

 

 

Series C

 

WAEP

 

life

 

value

 

 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

 

(in years)

 

(in millions)

Outstanding at January 1, 2017

 

2,467

 

$

42.45

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 —

 

$

 —

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

(94)

 

$

27.08

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited/cancelled

 

 —

 

$

 —

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at September 30, 2017

 

2,373

 

$

43.06

 

5.4

 

$

124

Exercisable at September 30, 2017

 

851

 

$

33.59

 

2.3

 

$

52

 

As of September 30, 2017 , the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested Awards was approximately $11 million . Such amount will be recognized in the Company's consolidated statements of operations over a weighted average period of approximately 2 years. 

As of September 30, 2017, Liberty Broadband reserved 2.8 million shares of Series A and Series C common stock for issuance under exercise privileges of outstanding stock Awards.

Skyhook Equity Incentive Plans

Skyhook issued 3.3 million phantom stock appreciation rights (“PARs”) and no phantom stock units (“PSUs”) during the nine months ended September 30, 2017. As of September 30, 2017, the fair value of outstanding PARs and PSUs was approximately $2.4 million. As of September 30, 2017,  $1.6 million (Level 3) is included in Other current liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet for the fair value of Skyhook’s vested long-term incentive plan obligations.

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Table of Contents

LIBERTY BROADBAND CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(8) Commitments and Contingencies

Leases

Skyhook leases various properties under operating leases expiring at various times through 2018. Skyhook’s two principal facilities are under lease through December 2017 and December 2019, respectively. Including amounts due to Liberty under the facilities sharing agreement, the Company’s total rental expense was $368 thousand and $452 thousand for each of the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $890 thousand and $1.0 million for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.